在ubuntu机器上部署php测试环境

先介绍一下背景,mac下,用homebrew都安装完毕,发现brew install apc 404,brew search apc后发现,只有

在ubuntu机器上部署php测试环境

php53-apc    php53-apcu  php54-apc    php54-apcu   php55-apcu 这几种,我电脑是php5.5的,只能安装php55-apcu,安装完后就后悔了,apcu相当于是阉割后的APC,没有系统代码缓存。无奈uninstall后,重新安装php54-apc,更蛋疼的事出来了,它不仅给我安装了apc,还安装了php5.4,坑爹,php5.5下面根本用不了apc。

一、部署环境

Ubuntu11.10_X86_32,编译安装相应的软件:nginx mysql php。

只好,直接下载apc编译安装。蛋疼好久,发现一篇英文博客,如下,记得最后安装apc时,sudo cp那段不能少哦~

二、软件安装

 

2.1 软件下载

libiconv-1.14.tar.gz

libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz

mcrypt-2.6.8.gz

mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz

mysql-5.5.39.tar.gz

nginx-1.1.10.tar.gz

pcre-8.20.tar.gz

php-5.4.34.tar.gz

APC

2.2 环境配置

系统较为纯净要安装一些必要的工具软件

apt-get install gcc g ssh automake cmake build-essential autoconf make re2c wget cron bzip2 rcconf flex vim bison m4 mawk cpp binutils libncurses5 unzip tar libncurses5 libncurses5-dev libtool libpcre3 libpcrecpp0 libssl-dev zlibc openssl libxml2-dev libltdl3-dev libpcre3 libpcrecpp0 libssl-dev zlibc openssl libxml2-dev libltdl3-dev libmcrypt-dev

# Compile PCRE - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions

2.3 辅助软件安装

cd /usr/local/src

2.3.1 libiconv-1.14.tar.gz

tar zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz

cd libiconv-1.14/

cd libiconv-1.14/

./configure --prefix=/usr/local

make

make install

curl -O ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk//pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.31.tar.gz

2.3.2 mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz

cd mhash-0.9.9.9

./configure

make

make install

cd ../

tar -xvzf pcre-8.31.tar.gz

2.3.3 libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/

./configure

make

make install

/sbin/ldconfig

cd libltdl/

./configure --enable-ltdl-install

make

make install

cd pcre-8.31

2.3.4 mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz

cd mcrypt-2.6.8/

/sbin/ldconfig

./configure

make

make install

./configure

2.3.5 pcre-8.10.tar.gz

tar zxvf pcre-8.10.tar.gz

cd pcre-8.10

./configure

make

make install

make

2.4 安装mysql

groupadd mysql    #添加mysql组

useradd -g mysql mysql -s /bin/false  #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组,不允许mysql用户直接登录系统

mkdir -p /data/mysql   #创建MySQL数据库存放目录

chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql   #设置MySQL数据库目录权限

tar zxvf mysql-5.5.19.tar.gz

cd mysql-5.5.19

mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql   #创建MySQL安装目录

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql  -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8-unicode_ci -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysqld.sock -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306

make

make install

cp support-files/my-small.cnf /etc/my.cnf

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

cd /usr/local/mysql

cp ./support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf   #拷贝配置文件(注意:/etc目录下面默认有一个my.cnf,直接覆盖即可)

vi /etc/my.cnf   #编辑配置文件,在 [mysqld] 部分增加

datadir = /data/mysql  #美洲杯在哪买球,添加MySQL数据库路径

./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql  #生成mysql系统数据库

cp ./support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld  #把Mysql加入系统启动

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld   #增加执行权限

启动:bin/mysqld_safe -user=mysql & 

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql

修改密码/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -p password "123456"

错误1:

解决办法:

sudo make install

2.5 安装php

apt-get install libfreetype6-dev libjpeg8-dev libpng12-dev slapd ldap-utils db5.1-util

apt-get install libldap2-dev libsasl2-dev

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --disable-maintainer-zts

错误1:configure: error: Please reinstall the libcurl distribution -    easy.h should be in /include/curl/

解决方法:apt-get install curl

           apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev

           apt-get install php5-curl

错误2:找不到ldap

解决方法:在配置信息中删除 ----with-ldap

 

make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

make test

make install

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

执行命令查看PHP相关配置,获取PHP扩展存放目录extension-dir值:/usr/local/php/bin/php-config

这里显示extension_dir =的信息 // http://www.pprar.com

vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

修改:extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/"

创建fastcgi配置文件

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

修改fastcgi配置文件

vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

去掉注释以下几行的注释

pid = run/php-fpm.pid

error_log = log/php-fpm.log

log_level = notice

pm.start_servers

pm.min_spare_servers

pm.max_spare_servers

修改文件以下两行,不修改启动fastcgi会报错 “fastcgi [pool www] cannot get gid for group ‘nobody’”

user = nobody

group = nobody

修改为

user = www

group = www

错误1:“fastcgi [pool www] cannot get gid for group ‘www’”

解决方法:需要自己创建用户以及组

            Sudo useradd www

启动fastcgi

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm

错误2:ERROR: unable to bind listening socket for address '127.0.0.1:9000': Address already in use (98)

       ERROR: FPM initialization failed

解决方法:netstat -lntup | grep 9000

           killall php-fpm

错误3:couldn't load module: /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/pkcs11/gnome-keyring-pkcs11.so: /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/pkcs11/gnome-keyring-pkcs11.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory 

解决方法:1)安装 getlibs

             下载:getlibs-all.deb

             执行:sudo dpkg -i --force-all getlibs-all.deb

                   sudo apt-get update getlibs aapt

          2)安装32位库

             getlibs -p gnome-keyring:i386

          3)生成符号链接

                 sudo ln -s /usr/lib32/i386-linux-gnu/pkcs11/gnome-keyring-pkcs11.so  usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/pkcs11/gnome-keyring-pkcs11.so

 

2.6 安装Nginx

tar zxvf nginx-1.1.10.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.1.10/

./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module

make

make install

启动Nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

重启服务:/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

停止服务:killall nginx

# Compile Autoconf

三、应用部署

cd /usr/local/src

3.1 环境部署

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

添加

server {

        listen   7070;   #外网访问端口号

        server_name  blue-desk.com.cn;

        location / {

            root   /usr/local/src/wwwroot;    #应用所在地址

            index  index.html index.htmi index.php;

        }

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;

        location = /50x.html {

            root   html;

        }

        location ~ .php$ {

            root           /usr/local/src/wwwroot;  #应用所在地址

            fastcgi_pass   10.128.7.101:9000;   #与php-fpm联系的端口号,php-fpm的配置在/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

            fastcgi_index  index.php;

            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/local/src/wwwroot$fastcgi_script_name;   #/usr/local/src/wwwroot 应用所在地址

            include        fastcgi_params;

        }

}

curl -O http://gnu.mirrors.hoobly.com/gnu/autoconf/autoconf-2.69.tar.gz

3.2 配置应用

onethink 应用配置

数据库名:mysql

用户名: root

数据库密码:123456

tar xzf autoconf-2.69.tar.gz

cd autoconf-2.69

./configure --prefix=/usr/local

make

sudo make install

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